Plants are useful to use in many ways. Plants provide us with the basic requirements for survival. The most important necessities of humans are food, clothing and shelter. They are fulfilled by plants to a large extent. Plants are the main source of food in the form of cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits and oil.
Plants provide us with clothing material. Cotton and flax are fiber yielding plants. Cotton is obtained from the hair of seed coat of the cotton. These cotton fibers are used for weaving clothing. Hemp and jute obtained from the stem are not only used for making bags, ropes and carpets but are nowadays used to make dress material as well. Flax fiber also obtained from the stem and used as fine fabric fiber e.g. linen, cloth, thread, canvas, carpet, etc
All life ultimately depends on plants. If there were no plants all life on earth would come to an end, because plants produce food, if there is no food to eat man and animal will starve to death. Plants also give out oxygen. If there is no oxygen, no living things would survive without respiration. Plants need proper amount of sunlight, air water and temperature to grow well.
Since olden times, plants have been used as medicines. Herbal medicines are prepared from plants only; these do not cause side effects as compared to synthetic ones.
Plants which have soft, green and perishable stems are called herbs, for example, coriander, mint, spinach, oregano, and fennel and even for that matter the banana plant is a giant herb. Herbs are very small low growing plants that live only for a few months. Most of the herbs add good flavor to the food
The flower is which is a part of the plant is usually the most beautiful and conspicuous part in the reproductive organ of the plant. The only function of the flower is to produce seed and fruit for reproduction. Flowering plants are grown in houses, gardens, parks and roads sides for their brilliant colors, beautiful shapes and sweet smell. Cut flowers are used for interior decoration in houses and restaurants.
The petals of some flowers contain sweet smelling oil is used for making perfumes or scents. The common ones used are rose, jasmine, kiore and lavender. The clove is also a flower bud which is used for seasoning our food.
The different types of plants and flowers make our earth green and beautiful. To reap their benefits you can consider growing it in your yard.